The emperor scorpion, Pandinus imperator, is the ‘classic’ scorpion species, popular among invertebrate keepers for its mild venom, substantial size, and docile demeanor. Unlike other large black scorpion species, the emperor is distinguished by its large size and bumpy claws, where other species’ are smooth. This arachnid typically reaches an average size of about 18 to 20 centimeters (7 to 8 inches) in length, including the tail. Some individuals can occasionally exceed these measurements and reach lengths of up to 23 centimeters (9 inches) or slightly more. These arachnids are native to the tropical rainforests and savannas of West Africa, including Ghana, Togo, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Cameroon. Within its native habitat, the emperor scorpion is typically found in the leaf litter and forest floor, where it can seek shelter and protection. Pandinus imperator is a burrowing species and creates complex underground burrows or utilizes existing crevices, rocks, or fallen logs as its shelters. These burrows serve as refuges from predators and offer a suitable microclimate with the required humidity levels. Pandinus imperator prefers a warm and humid environment of around 24 to 30 degrees Celsius (75 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit), with a relative humidity level of around 70% RH, but, ultimately, this species is easy to care for and forgiving of environmental fluctuations. Unlike other arachnids that rarely leave their homes or burrows, the emperor scorpion, like most scorpions, enjoys exploring and hunting during the evening & at night, and will benefit from a sizeable enclosure with natural objects to hunt around and explore. This species should be provided with plenty of moisture-retaining substrate to burrow within, along with hides from cork bark or other suitable natural objects. A shallow water dish should be provided to allow the critter to stay hydrated. Overall, we highly recommend this species for anyone looking to own their first pet invertebrate or pet scorpion.